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KeyStone’s Philosophy
In the world of stock markets dominated by large banks and investment companies, KeyStone’s independent Research Services offer a unique and completely independent perspective designed to help savvy investors make informed portfolio decisions.

We base our analysis on extensive theoretical background of fundamental equity research. It’s been around for over 75 years and has delivered results for our clients for well over a decade and helped Warren Buffett become the richest investor on the planet.

We buy profitable businesses, not just stock symbols.

We are Investors not “Traders.” We do not recommend a great deal of buying and selling (too many fees) and frankly, we find trying to guess the top and bottom a risky game we don’t want to play. When you buy a focussed portfolio of profitable companies at great prices, it is about the “time in the market,” not timing the market. The overwhelming majority of individuals looking to become successful in the market long term need to become “investors” with a focussed and realistic long-term strategy. This is the way to beat the market and become independently wealthy. It will not happen by sitting at a computer terminal in an ill conceived attempt at becoming a “professional trader” – many of whom also lose money over time. After all, you have a real job of your own and should focus on that. Allow us to help you uncover profitable, undervalued, and underfollowed stocks and build you a focussed growth or income portfolio for long-term success. We tell you what to BUY, when to HOLD, and when to SELL based on the fundamentals of the underlying business.

Focussed Diversification – Within our Small-Cap and Income Stock recommended portfolios, we advocate a strategy of focused diversification Buying 8-12 stocks from a variety of industries allows us prudent diversification, but not over-diversification. We do our research and focus our buy recommendations on the companies we like best. By investing with conviction and with a realistic time horizon, our strategy allows our winning recommendations to truly affect the value of yourportfolio over time.

Nimble Non-Sector Specific Research – We are not married to one specific sector, be it resource (gold or silver) or oil & gas. We follow the growth and value in any sector where profitable, strong, cash-rich businesses are flourishing and select the best stocks based on these fundamental factors married with sector specific strength. Our research covers stocks in the resource (precious & base metals), oil & gas, technology, REIT, health care, financial, manufacturing, agricultural, retail, and infrastructure sectors, plus many more – anywhere there is growth and value. Basically, anywhere we see an opportunity to buy a stock that is undervalued and can make you money.

Our Research Philosophy
GARP (Growth at a Reasonable Price)

More specifically, our strategy is called GARP (Growth at a Reasonable Price). This means that we will recommend a stock because we believe the company to be a strong business that will grow over time and because we believe we are buying this company at a price that is significantly below its real or ‘intrinsic’ value (undervalued). The paragraphs below provide descriptions of a few of the attributes to which we pay very close attention.

Resilient Business Model

One thing we look at very closely is the resilience of a company’s business model. The business model is the plan that a company uses to convert whatever it does (product or service) into positive cash flow. There are a multitude of different types of business models out there; some of which are highly risky and some of which don’t make sense at all (a common criticism of technology companies during the dot com boom). We look for business models that make sense and provide their respective companies with a great chance of growing during strong markets and at the very least, surviving during challenging markets. A resilient business model provides a unique or even essential product or service to customers that can easily afford to pay for it. An example would be a company that provides linen cleaning services under contract to hospitals. Another would be a company that owns and operates ATMs (automated teller machines) in strategic locations across the country.Yet another would be a company that processes and packages food products for distribution to international markets.

Profitability and Earnings Growth

As fundamental investors, first and foremost, we require that a company we research already be profitable and, at the very least, provide strong potential for earnings growth. The earnings growth is what will drive the stock over the long term and provide the company with flexibility to grow their dividends. There are numerous companies in the market that are not profitable (may never have been profitable), but will attract themselves to investors under the promise of future profitability. The problem is that until these companies have achieved profitability, they will be entirely dependent on the market for raising funds to finance their survival (pay wages, pay bills, and invest in the business). If the markets,or that company’s particular industry, encounter any kind of danger, the very survival of the unprofitable company will be in serious jeopardy, as they will be unable to raise money or will be forced to raise money at terms injurious to the current shareholders. So for us, the unprofitablecompany presents too much risk.

Acceptable Level of Financial Risk – Healthy Balance Sheet

Financial risk refers primarily to the level of debt a company has incurred. All things equal, more debt means more financial risk and a higher likelihood of financial distress. A good deal of this risk is captured in the company’s balance sheet, which lists assets and liabilities. Ideally,we are looking for companies with large cash balances and little or no debt. Some companies that we research do maintain a debt balance; however, we believe this balance to reasonable respective to the company’s financial position. We look at the total debt balance, the regular interest payments, and the required principle payments and ascertain whether or not the company will have problems meeting its obligations. If debt is too high, the company is at high risk of suffering financial distress should the market enter a downturn. We therefore look for companies with acceptable levels of financial risk.

Strong Management Teams

Everyone has heard that they should invest in companies with strong management teams, but what exactly does that mean? What constitutes a strong management team? Analyzing management can be one of the more difficult steps in the research process. It means more than just getting along with the CEO. For us, we look not at what management is saying but what they are doing and what they have done. Analyzing management involves looking back as far as you can and tracking the correlation of what they have said they were going to do with what they have actually done. Have they made targets and met them? Have they managed the company prudently? Do they have a demonstrated track record of providing value to shareholders? Perhaps most importantly, do they hold significant shares in their own company – aligning their interests with our as shareholders.

Value – What We Pay For is What We Get

Value is the final ingredient in our investment equation. Understanding the value is important because “a good company is not necessarily a good stock.” What makes a good company a good stock is the price you pay for it. As a rule, we are looking for companies that we can buy at a significant discount. To ascertain this, we use a variety of tools including: ratios such as dividend yield, price-to-earnings, price-to-cash flow, and price-to-tangible book value. If our research tells us that we are getting a great deal on a stock, then we may buy it. Conversely, if we own the stock and our research tells us that it is becoming overpriced, then we may sell it.

For more insight on our philosophy in reference to our two key areas of research, click on the links below;

KeyStone’s Small-Cap Service
KeyStone’s Income Stock Service




KeyStone's Media Appearances

Current and future television, radio, & conference appearances by our top-ranked analysts.

Friday, September 08, 2017:
KeyStone at The MoneyShow Toronto

Tuesday, May 23, 2017:
KeyStone's DIY Stock Investment Seminar series kicks off in Vancouver

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Latest Research Reports

9/12/2017
Unique Marketer, Distributor and Quasi Franchisor in the Automotive Services Market Poised to Resume Track Record of Top and Bottom Line Growth - Initiate SPEC BUY (Half Position)
8/30/2017
Unique Healthcare Monitoring Small-Cap, Recent Listing Appears Posts Strong Earnings Quarter, Extended Collections Remains Risk - Maintain SPEC BUY
8/28/2017
Cash Rich Unique Tech Driven Micro-Cap Posts Q2 as Expected, Backlog at New Record - Ratings Maintained
8/23/2017
Cash Rich SaaS Small-Cap Posts Consecutive Quarterly Improvement in 2017 with Expectations for a Return to Growth in 2018 – Reinitiated at SPEC BUY
8/23/2017
Unique Electrical Equipment Manufacturer Posts Strong Start to 2017, Restructuring Begins to Improve Porfitability & Demand Levels Increase Throughput, Low Relative Valuations - Initiate at BUY HALF Position
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9/13/2017
Unique Royalty Company with Portfolio of High-Quality, Nationally Recognizable Brands and Potential for Near-Term Expansion
9/7/2017
Renewable Power Generation and Regulated Utilities Reports Solid Performance in Q2 –Adjusted EPS, Cash Flow per Share and Dividends Expected to Grow at Double-Digit Rates for At Least the Next 5 Years
8/23/2017
Cash Rich SaaS Small-Cap Posts Consecutive Quarterly Improvement in 2017 with Expectations for a Return to Growth in 2018 – Reinitiated at SPEC BUY
8/23/2017
Water Heater Rentals Company Reports Strong Q3 Results – Steady Growth Outlook Continues
8/21/2017
Hotel Property Company Update –Rating Reduced to HOLD While We Observe Success of Recent Acquisition
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